BEST ECZEMA TREATMENT CENTER, DOCTOR AND CLINIC IN HOLLYWOOD, FLORIDA
Eczema is a condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, red, cracked, and rough. Blisters can also occur. It affects a large section of the American population to a lesser or greater degree. The word eczema is also used specifically to refer to atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema. We are the Best Eczema Treatment Center, Doctor and Clinic In Hollywood, Florida. In this article, we will explain what eczema is and discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Fast facts on eczema
Here are some key points about eczema. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
Eczema is likely related to conditions that adversely affect the skin’s barrier function (including genetic factors, nutrient deficiencies, bacterial infection, and dry, irritated skin)
Certain foods such as nuts and dairy can trigger symptoms
Eczema can also be triggered by environmental factors such as smoke and pollen
The term ‘eczema’ is used in two different ways. It can be used widely to describe any rash-like skin conditions.
Or it can be used to describe atopic dermatitis, a chronic skin condition that commonly starts during infancy and continues through into childhood.
Some people outgrow the condition while some people will continue to have it into adulthood.
The word “atopic” refers to a collection of diseases involving the immune system, including atopic dermatitis, asthma, and hay fever. “Dermatitis” means inflammation of the skin.
Causes of eczema
Environmental factors are also known to bring out the symptoms of eczema. These include:
Irritants – soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, juices from fresh fruits, meats, or vegetables
Allergens – dust mites, pets, pollens, mold, dandruff
Microbes – bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, certain fungi
Hot and cold temperatures – hot weather, high and low humidity, perspiration from exercise
Foods – dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products, wheat
Stress – it is not a cause of eczema but can make symptoms worse
Hormones – women can experience worsening of eczema symptoms at times when their hormone levels are changing, for example during pregnancy and at certain points in their menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of eczema
Atopic dermatitis commonly manifests itself in infants with dry and scaly patches appearing on the skin. These patches are often intensely itchy. The symptoms of atopic dermatitis can vary, depending on the age of the person with the condition.
Most people develop atopic dermatitis before the age of 5. Half of those who develop the condition in childhood continue to have symptoms as an adult, though these symptoms are often different to those experienced by children.
People with the condition will often experience periods of time where their symptoms will flare up or worsen, followed by periods of time where their symptoms will improve or clear up.
Rashes commonly appear on scalp and cheeks.
Rashes usually bubble up before weeping fluid.
Rashes can cause extreme itchiness, which may lead to trouble sleeping. Continuous rubbing and scratching can lead to skin infections.
Rashes can thicken (also known as lichenification) and then develop knots and a permanent itch.
Rashes can cause scaly skin (more scaly than in children)Adults who developed atopic dermatitis as a child but no longer experience the condition may still have dry or easily irritated skin, hand eczema, and eye problems.
Rashes can lead to skin infections
Over time, the following symptoms can manifest:
- Rashes can become bumpy, like goosebumps
- Rashes can lighten or darken in color
- Rashes commonly appear in creases of elbows or knees or nape of neck
- Rashes cover much of the body
- Rashes can be especially prominent on neck, face, and around the eyes
- Rashes can cause very dry skin
- Rashes can be permanently itchy
- Also common on neck, wrists, ankles, crease between buttock and legs
- Rashes commonly appear behind the creases of elbows or knee
- The appearance of skin affected by atopic dermatitis will depend on how much a person scratches and whether the skin is infected. Scratching and rubbing irritates the skin further, increases inflammation and makes itchiness worse.
Types of eczema
There are many different types of eczema. This article will predominantly focus on atopic dermatitis. Other variants include:
Allergic contact eczema (dermatitis) – a skin reaction following contact with a substance that the immune system recognizes as foreign
Contact eczema – a localized reaction where the skin has come into contact with an allergen
Dyshidrotic eczema – irritation of skin on palms of hands and soles of feet characterized by blisters
Neurodermatitis – scaly patches of skin on head, forearms, wrists, and lower legs caused by a localized itch such as an insect bite
Nummular eczema – circular patches of irritated skin that can be crusted, scaling, and itchy
Seborrheic eczema – oily, scaly yellowish patches of skin, usually on scalp and face
Stasis dermatitis – skin irritation on lower legs, usually related to circulatory problems
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